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A detailed guide on how can a woman be arrested in India

Samuel Hall

BySamuel Hall

Jun 12, 2023
woman be arrested

An arrest is a legal process by which a person is taken into custody by the police for investigation or prosecution. In India, the procedure for arresting a woman by the police is governed by various laws and guidelines, which are aimed at ensuring the protection of women’s rights and dignity. Section 46 to Section 60A of the Code, 1973 explains the detailed process of the fair arrest of a person. Section 46 of the Code was amended under Section 6 to bring Section 46 (4) to safeguard a woman during her arrest.

This section lays downย that women cannot be arrested after sunset and before sunrise under ordinary circumstances. Except in certain cases wherein a woman police officer needs to take prior permission from a first-class Judicial Magistrate. Letโ€™s understand the rights and procedure for the arrest of a woman by the police in India in a better way through a simple and easy guide.

woman be arrested
woman be arrested

Valid Reason for Arrest: The police must have a valid reason to arrest a woman. This may include suspicion of the commission of a cognizable offense or a warrant issued by a competent court.


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Presence of Female Officer:ย If the arrest is being made by a male police officer, then the presence of a female officer is mandatory. This is to ensure that the arrest is made with due regard to the dignity and privacy of the woman.

Disclosure of Identity:ย The woman must be informed of the grounds for her arrest and be provided with the identity of the arresting officer.

Explanation of Rights: The woman must be informed of her rights, including the right to remain silent, the right to legal representation, and the right to inform a family member or friend of her arrest.

Search in the Presence of a Female Officer: If the woman is to be searched, it must be done in the presence of a female officer. The search must be conducted with due regard to the woman’s dignity and privacy.

Medical Examination: If the woman requests, or if the circumstances warrant, a medical examination must be conducted by a registered medical practitioner.

Record of Arrest:ย The arrest of the woman must be recorded in writing, and a copy of the same must be provided to her. This must include the time, place, and reason for the arrest.

Production before Magistrate:ย The woman must be produced before the nearest magistrate within 24 hours of her arrest, excluding the time necessary for the journey. The magistrate will then decide on further proceedings, such as remand or release.

Adherence to Guidelines:ย All these procedures must be carried out in adherence to the guidelines laid down by the Supreme Court of India in the case of D.K. Basu v. State of West Bengal.

The arrest of a woman by the police in India is a sensitive issue that must be handled with care and sensitivity while ensuring that the law is upheld. The procedure must be followed diligently, with due regard to the woman’s rights and dignity, to ensure that justice is done in a fair manner.

Samuel Hall

Samuel Hall

Samuel Hall, a renowned name in the world of finance and wealth management, has devoted more than two decades to understanding the intricacies of the financial realm. As the chief contributor to WealthServing, Samuel has enlightened thousands with his insights on wealth accumulation, risk management, and smart investment strategies.